111 Salient Features of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

Salient Features of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

First Published by BP Staff on 16 Dec, 2013 at 11:30 PM IST under Nation

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was started in India by revamping erstwhile Total Sanitation Campaign in order to accelerate the progress of sanitation in rural areas of the country.

Under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, the strategy is to transform rural India into ‘Nirmal Bharat’ by adopting the community led , demand driven and people centered strategies and community saturation approach, with emphasis on awareness creation and demand generation for sanitary facilities in houses, schools and for cleaner environment. Conjoint approach with the scheme of National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) has been adopted to address the issue of availability of water in the Gram Panchayats for sustaining sanitation facilities created.

Main activities Covered under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan :

  • Construction of Individual House Hold Latrines for which the enhanced incentive for individual household latrine units has been extended to all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households and Above Poverty Line Households (APL) restricted to SCs/STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homestead, physically handicapped and women headed households.
  • Convergence with Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme for additional financial assistance.Provision of sanitation facilities in Government Schools and Anganwadis in Government buildings.
  • Assistance to Production Centres of sanitary materials and Rural Sanitary Marts
  • Provision of construction of Community Sanitary Complexes.• Solid and Liquid Waste management (SLWM) to be taken up in project mode for each Gram Panchayat (GP) with financial assistance capped for a GP on the basis of number of household to enable all Panchayats to implement sustainable SLWM projects.
  •  Information Education Communication (IEC) activities for sustainable demand generation for sanitation facility.
  • Provision of extensive capacity building of the stake holders like Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs) and field functionaries for sustainable sanitation.
  •  The rural sanitation coverage, in terms of access to toilet facilities, State-wise/UT as per Census 2011 is as follows


Rural Sanitation coverage as per Census 2011,  State-wise/UT
S.N. State/UT Sanitation Coverage (%)
1 A & N Islands 61.08
2 Andhra Pradesh 34.88
3 Arunachal Pradesh 55.75
4 Assam 61.54
5 Bihar 18.61
6 Chandigarh 94.31
7 Chhattisgarh 14.85
8 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 29.28
9 Daman & Diu 65.80
10 Goa 72.60
11 Gujarat 34.24
12 Haryana 57.71
13 Himachal Pradesh 67.45
14 Jammu & Kashmir 41.71
15 Jharkhand 8.33
16 Karnataka 31.89
17 Kerala 94.41
18 Lakshadweep 98.34
19 Madhya Pradesh 13.58
20 Maharashtra 44.20
21 Manipur 87.73
22 Meghalaya 56.94
23 Mizoram 87.10
24 Nagaland 77.69
25 NCT of Delhi 86.50
26 Odisha 15.32
27 Puducherry 40.41
28 Punjab 71.89
29 Rajasthan 20.13
30 Sikkim 85.14
31 Tamil Nadu 26.73
32 Tripura 84.59
33 Uttar Pradesh 22.87
34 Uttarakhand 54.96
35 West Bengal 48.70
  INDIA 32.67


Last Updated on December 16, 2013 at 11:11 PM IST

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